Catherine the great of russia: under her rule, the russian empire was considerably expanded during her reign, catherine the great expanded russia's borders to the black sea and into central she learned french and german and also studied history, music, and the religion of her homeland. Catherine the great, who ruled as empress of russia from 1762-1796, is one of those catalyzing russia owes her much after along reign of thirty-four years, catherine died of a stroke on the 17th of history knows her as catherine the great, a title she was offered during her lifetime and rejected. Catherine ii, also known as catherine the great (russian: екатерина ii великая, yekaterina ii velikaya german: katharina die große), empress of russia, was born in stettin the manifesto on freedom of the nobility, issued during the short reign of peter iii and confirmed by catherine, freed. Empress catherine ii of russia, better known as catherine the great and one of the more effective of the russian rulers, was actually german by birth born in 1729 and christened sophia augusta frederica, she was the daughter of christian augustus, prince of anhalt zerbst-bernburg.
The reign of catherine the great (1762-1796) is sometimes characterized as the enlightened absolutism, referring to the empress' interest in the ideas of voltaire and diderot under her rule russian culture, education and science blossomed new educational institutions, academies, libraries. Recognized worldwide as a noteworthy historical figure, catherine the great was one of the most prominent rulers of russia and a figure deserving of admiration during her rule from 1762 to 1796 the russian empress catherine ii made such progress in political power that it is hard to find similar. Catherine the great catherine gave up wanting to create an enlightened constitution and political reforms wanting to keep all of her power, she another russian force invaded and captured the crimea a russian fleet sailed from the baltic sea through the strait of gibraltar and into ottoman. Catherine the great empress of russia written by catherine the great, russian yekaterina velikaya, also called catherine ii, russian in full yekaterina alekseyevna, original name sophie friederike auguste, prinzessin (princess) catherine iioverview of catherine ii's early life and reign.
Russian empress catherine i was the second wife of peter i the great and empress of russia from 1725 to 1727 her original name was marta skowronska, and it is not an exaggeration to say her fate was one that so many young girls of every epoch desperately desired - to marry a prince and have a. Catherine ii, also known as catherine the great (russian: екатерина ii великая or yekaterina ii velikaya, born sophie augusta fredericka of anhalt-zerbst may 2, 1729 - november 5, 1796) reigned as empress of russia for more than three decades, from june 28, 1762 until her death. Paul i of russia, whose mother was catherine the great, clocks in as the third worst ruler in russian history the new empress was crowned on october 3rd of the same year and quickly consolidated her power she quickly began to focus the early years of her reign on the promotion of administrative.
The woman whom history would remember as catherine the great, russia's longest-ruling female 4 catherine faced down more than a dozen uprisings during her reign of the various uprisings that given the empress' shocking reputation, it's perhaps not surprising that gossip followed her. Catherine the great imposed her will on europe and the male power structure hated her for it, even inventing a rumor about her and a horse vigilius eriksen/grand peterhof palaceequestrian portrait of catherine the great in uniform of the preobrazhensky regiment, one of the oldest imperial.
Despite being empress of russia from 1762 to 1796, catherine was not russian she was a german princess, sophia of anhalt-zerbst as catherine was proclaimed empress by the soldiers who had formed his personal guard, historians have not found it difficult to attribute guilt for the assassination. Catherine ii, also known as catherine the great, was an empress of russia who ruled from 1762-1796, the longest reign of any female russian leader known more for her affairs of the heart than for affairs of state, she nevertheless greatly expanded her country's empire. Catherine ii, often called catherine the great, became empress consort of russia when her husband, peter iii, ascended to the the paternity of the child has been a subject of great debate among scholars, with some claiming that paul's father was actually sergei saltykov, a russian noble. The russian empress catherine ii, known as catherine the great, reigned from 1762 to 1796 she expanded the russian empire, improved administration, and energetically pursued the policy of westernization (the process of changing to western ideas and traditions.
Restored monument to empress catherine the great unveiled in crimea catherine primarily owed her military victories to her brilliant generals alexander suvorov was one of the best generals in russian history, and grigory potemkin, one of the empress's favorites, reformed the army along. Catherine ii (russian: екатерина алексеевна yekaterina alekseyevna 2 may [os 21 april] 1729 - 17 november [os 6 november] 1796), also known as catherine the great.
In the early years of her reign, catherine sought to win the support of the russian gentry, and, in particular, of a small group of nobles later conservatism peasant unrest culminated in a great revolt (1773-75), led by the cossack yemelyan pugachov, that raged over much of the volga river basin. The russian empress catherine ii (1729-1796), known as catherine the great, reigned from 1762 to 1796 she expanded the russian empire, improved administration, and vigorously pursued the policy of westernization her reputation as an enlightened despot, however, is not wholly supported. The most powerful empress in the history of russia, unstoppable conqueror, enlightened monarch and a patron of arts and literature catherine the great was a ruler like no other in contrast, catherine converted to ortodox christianity from lutheranism, took on a russian name екатерина.