Fall of communism in eastern europe, 1989 on november 9, 1989, thousands of jubilant germans brought down the most visible symbol of division at the heart of europe—the berlin wall. In the next section i briefly examine some of the immediate factors precipitating the fall, and then i turn to some of the broader questions associated with modernisation, democratisation and the larger phenomenon of the communist collapse. The soviet union was built on approximately the same territory as the russian empire which it succeeded after the bolshevik revolution of 1917, the newly-formed government developed a philosophy of socialism with the eventual and gradual transition to communism. The communist system in ussr had no doubt a great success in modernising the whole russia and its different states infrastructural development and economic upliftment of the masses were the two important factors which played important role maintaining russian integrity and unity.
The story of communism's rise and fall in eastern europe is a tale of two revolutions the revolutions of 1989 and avoids larger conclusions about the structural factors that contributed. It has been about that long since communism was imposed on most of eastern and central europe in the soviet union, it has been longer, but we have to take into account the shot in the arm that. The first factor which contributed to the failure and eventual collapse of communism was the fact that the communist party's domination was illegitimate from the beginning. The berlin wall and the iron curtain seemed to be permanent fixtures of the political landscape of europe after 1961 but to everyone's surprise, the berlin wall opened on november 9, 1989 this stunning event triggered a chain reaction throughout eastern europe, accelerating a process that had.
Communism gained a strong foothold in the world during the first half of the 20th century, with one-third of the world's population living under some form of communism by the 1970s however, just a decade later, many of the major communist governments around the world toppled. Anti-communist movements swept through the russian revolution yeltsin and his supporters declared the communist party outlawed, and the party's property was seized yeltsin declared russia independent and withdrew it from the soviet union. The track tells the tale: in the 1840s, tiny britain was undergoing a railway mania in which more than 6,000 miles of track were built, while only one railway ran in vast continental russia.
Communist philosophy is the foundation of communism, and is the rubric for communist rulers such as joseph stalin who went against communist philosophy to create a perfect communist society containing proper economic and agricultural means. World war i caused the rise of communism in russia, and ultimately around the world the white russians had suffered such heavy losses in the war, that the people, who were al so starving. Russia's struggle to westernize and capitalize after the collapse of the ussr and under the leadership of president boris yeltsin was unsuccessful, and today the country cannot compete with the rest of the world until it has completely shed its communist past. Communism developed in russia and china because of factors unique to the social and economic situations in these two countries and because of the charismatic leadership of each country's respective communist leaders, namely vladimir lenin and mao zedong karl marx, who founded communism as ideology.
Start studying the fall of the ussr // r learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Explain how the economic problems contributed to pressure for change in russia in 1917 1shortage in food and fuel between feb and july 558 factories closed and loss of 100,000 jobs 2grain prices doubled from feb to june causing discourage from peasants not bothering to sell from the city inflation a serious problem. Gorbachev's decision to allow elections with a multi-party system and create a presidency for the soviet union began a slow process of democratization that eventually destabilized communist control and contributed to the collapse of the soviet union.
The fall of the soviet union: the fall of a state or the fall of an ideology 83 the findings of this article may help in shaping the future of socialism. The rise of communism in china is largely due to a man named mao zedong he was poorly educated as a child but highly intelligent zedong left home and had become a member of the nationalist army as the revolution began around 1911 he was soon introduced to and became powerfully influenced by the. Apart from the complexity of the factors involved, the fact that so many countries adopted communism during the 20 th century makes it almost impossible to figure out the exact reasons for its demise. The entering and continuation of the world war one had contributed greatly as an external factor to the downfall of both governments internally, the land problem, famine and economic problems had contributed to their downfall.